CONFIG_TAU is not available for thedefaultarchitecture x86.
Result is shown for architecture powerpc

On-chip CPU temperature sensor support

modulename: tau_6xx.ko

configname: CONFIG_TAU

Linux Kernel Configuration
└─>Platform support
└─>On-chip CPU temperature sensor support
In linux kernel since version 2.6.15 (release Date: 2006-01-02)  
G3 and G4 processors have an on-chip temperature sensor called the
'Thermal Assist Unit (TAU)', which, in theory, can measure the on-die
temperature within 2-4 degrees Celsius. This option shows the current
on-die temperature in /proc/cpuinfo if the cpu supports it.

Unfortunately, this sensor is very inaccurate when uncalibrated, so
don't assume the cpu temp is actually what /proc/cpuinfo says it is.

source code: